Cow Pea
Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. L.
Click on the cultivar name below for product characteristics COMPARISON CHART
Image Cultivar Type Production period Morphological description Crop strengths Feeding value Production potential Crop uses Soil requirement Establishment
Bets Wit Sub-tropical/Tropical, Legume Annual, Summer

Indeterminate with medium stems

Seed and leaves comprise three hairless leaflets; remaining pair more or less triangular to egg-shaped; 10 cm x 7 – 8 cm

7 000 – 12 000 seeds/kg; white to ivory

Multi-purpose legume - hay, grazing and cover crop

High nutritive value and palatability

Crude protein (CP): 14 – 21%

Digestibility: 56 - 65 %

Dry matter production: 5 - 10 t/ha/annum Hay & rotation crop

Adapted to most soil types avoid wet soils

pH range of 5.0 - 7.0

Plant during middle October – January

Seeding rate of 15 –20 kg/ha


Brown Mixed Sub-tropical, Legume Annual, Summer

Spreading with medium to robust stems

Seed and leaves comprise three hairless leaflets; remaining pair more or less triangular to egg-shaped; 10 cm x 7 – 8 cm

7 000 – 12 000 seeds/kg; white to ivory

Dual purpose legume

Drought tolerance once established

High forage production potential with good quality

Crude protein: 21 – 36 %

Digestibility: 62 - 66 %

Dry matter production: 2 - 6 t/ha/annum Grazing, hay, silage, green manure & rotation crop

Adapted to most soil types, tolerates sandy, wet and acid soils

pH ranges 5.5 – 7.0

Plant during middle October – November

Seeding rate of 15 –20 kg/ha dryland; 20 – 25 kg/ha irrigated


Dr Saunders Sub-tropical/Tropical, Legume Annual, Summer

Stooling to indeterminate with medium to fine stems

Leaves comprise three hairless leaflets; triangular to egg-shaped; 10cm x 7 – 8cm

8 000 – 15 000 seeds/kg

Tolerates drought and heat

High palatability hay crop

Crude protein (CP): 14 – 21 %

Digestibility: 56 - 65 %

Dry matter production: 5 - 10 t/ha/annum Grazing, hay & rotation crop

Adapted to most soil types avoid wet soils

pH range of 5.0 - 7.0

Plant during middle October – January

Seeding rate of 15 –20 kg/ha


Glenda Sub-tropical/Tropical, Legume Annual, Summer

Stooling to indeterminate with medium to fine stems

Leaves comprise three hairless leaflets; triangular to egg-shaped; 10 cm x 7 – 8cm

8 000 – 15 000 seeds/kg

Tolerant to drought

Rotation crop with good Nitrogen fixation

High palatability hay crop

Crude protein: 14 – 21 %

Digestibility: 56 - 65 %

Dry matter production: 5 - 10 t/ha/annum Grain production, hay & rotation crop

Adapted to most soil types avoid wet soils

pH range of 5.0 - 7.0

Plant during middle October – January

Seeding rate of 15 – 20 kg/ha